Grains

Grain Producers Australia represents the biosecurity interests of grain producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2013–14, nurse grain production (wheat, viagra sale barley, salve canola, sorghum, oats, and lupins) was valued at $13.3 billion (LVP). The grains industry is Australia’s largest plant industry with wheat, the largest crop, accounting for more than half of total production. The majority of Australia’s grain is produced in the wheat belt located from central Queensland through NSW, Victoria, Tasmania, SA and southern WA.

Most of the grain produced in Australia is exported predominantly to markets in Asia and the Middle East including China, Indonesia, Iraq, Korea, Vietnam, Iran and Vietnam.

The grains industry invests in a biosecurity program to raise awareness and improve practices on-farm. Grain Producers Australia funds the Grains Farm Biosecurity Program which includes the deployment of five Grains Biosecurity Officers embedded in state departments in NSW, Queensland, SA, Victoria and WA.

Annual value of grain and pulse production 2007–14 (LVP)

Grains graph

Distribution of grain and pulse production by state and territory 2013–14 (based on LVP)

Grain pie chart

Grains Farm Biosecurity Logo_COL_web
Grains Biosecurity Officers are located in most states through the Grains Farm Biosecurity Program. The program is delivered by Plant Health Australia and funded by growers via Grain Producers Australia together with the Western Australian, Queensland, Victorian, South Australian and New South Wales state governments. More

Grains IBPIndustry Biosecurity Plan for the Grains Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the grains industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Grains Industry provides a framework for biosecurity risk mitigation measures in the industry. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au

Biosecurity Manual for Grain Producers coverBiosecurity manuals for grain producers

The Biosecurity Manual for Grain Producers contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Organic Grains Farm Biosecurity ManualThe Farm Biosecurity Manual for the Organic Grains Industry contains biosecurity information specifically for growers of organic grains.

 

 

 

 

Monitoring stored grain on farm With zero market tolerance for live pests in grain, storage is no time to forget about biosecurity. Working closely with grains storage specialists, the Monitoring stored grain on farm manual pulls together information from a number of other resources, complementing those already produced by the GRDC Grains Storage Projects.
Grains farm biosecurity gate sign Signs can be used to indicate to visitors the importance of following biosecurity procedures on your property. This template can be downloaded and used to print a 900 x 600 mm gate sign. Remember to include contact details in the space provided.For signage to be effective:

  • ensure signs are clear, visible and well maintained
  • signs should contain simple messages
  • support your signage with other biosecurity measures such as restricted access points.

The grains industry and PHA have created some fact sheets to increase biosecurity awareness.

Grains biosecurity fact sheet Grains high priority pest fact sheet Biosecurity guidelines for contractors fact sheet
Grains biosecurity Fact sheet Grains high priority pests Fact sheet Biosecurity guidelines for contractors
Is your agronomic business biosecurity risk? Is your field day a biosecurity risk? Is your field research a biosecurity risk?
Grains agronomic business risk Grains field day risk Fact sheet Grains field research risk Fact sheet

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of grains and pulses. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Grains Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Banded leaf and sheath spot of maize Rhizoctonia solani f. sp. sasakii CP
Barley stem gall midge Mayetiola hordei FS CP
Barley stripe rust Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei FS CP
Cabbage seedpod weevil Ceutorhynchus obstrictus FS CP
Cabbage stem weevil Ceutorhynchus pallidactylus FS
Cereal cyst nematode Heterodera filipjevi (exotic strains) CP
Cereal cyst nematode Heterodera latipons (exotic strains) CP
Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (Geminivirus) CP
Chickpea chlorotic stunt virus Chickpea chlorotic stunt virus (Polerovirus) CP
Chickpea cyst nematode Heterodera ciceri CP
Downy mildew of sorghum Peronosclerospora sorghi FS CP
Downy mildew of sunflower Plasmopara halstedii FS CP
European wheat stem sawfly Cephus pygmeus FS CP CP
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Fusarium wilt of chickpea Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris FS CP
Fusarium wilt of lupin Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lupini CP
Hessian fly Mayetiola destructor 3 FS CP
Karnal bunt Tilletia indica 2 FS CP DP
Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium 2 FS CP
Late wilt of maize Harpophora maydis CP
Lentil anthracnose Colletotrichum truncatum (lentil strain) FS CP
Mungbean yellow mosaic virus Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (Begomovirus) FS
Northern corn rootworm Diabrotica barberi FS
Peanut stripe virus Peanut stripe virus (Potyvirus) CP
Philippine downy mildew of maize Peronosclerospora philippinensis CP
Rape stem weevil Ceutorhynchus napi FS
Sorghum greenbug Schizaphis graminum FS CP
Southern corn rootworm Diabrotica undecimpunctata FS
Soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines FS CP
Spotted stem borer Chilo partellus CP
Stem rust of wheat Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (pathotype Ug99) FS CP
Stewarts wilt of maize Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii FS
Sudden death syndrome of soybean Multiple species including: Fusarium virguliforme, F. brasiliense, F. cuneirostrum and F. tucumaniae FS
Sunflower moth Homoeosoma electellum FS
Sunflower stem canker Phomopsis helianthi
Sunflower stem weevil Cylindrocopturus adspersus FS
Sunn pest Eurogaster integriceps FS CP
Western corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera FS
Wheat bug Nysius huttoni CP
Wheat stem sawfly Cephus cinctus FS CP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of grains and pulses. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to grains and pulses and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
American serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza trifolii FS FS CP
Bacterial leaf streak Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens CP
Bacterial leaf streak Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa CP
Bakanae Gibberella fujikuroi CP
Barley miner fly Agromyza megalopsis CP
Barley stem rust Puccinia graminis f. sp. hordei (exotic strains) CP
Barley stripe mosaic virus Barley stripe mosaic virus (Hordeivirus) CP
Bean weevil Acanthoscelides argillaceus FS
Black wheat leaf miner Agromyza albipennis FS
Branched broomrape Orobanche ramosa FS
Brassica pod midge Dasineura brassicae CP
Broad bean mottle virus Broad bean mottle virus (Bromovirus)
Broad bean stain virus Broad bean stain virus (Comovirus)
Broad bean true mosaic virus Broad bean true mosaic virus (Comovirus)
Bruchids Multiple species in the Acanthoscelides, Bruchus, Bruchidius, Callosobruchus, Caryedon and Zabrotes genera FS
Cabbage leaf miner Phytomyza rufipes FS
Cassava spider mite Tetranychus truncatus FS
Cereal cyst nematode Heterodera avenae (exotic strains) CP
Cereal leaf miner Agromyza ambigua CP
Chickpea leaf miner Liriomyza cicerina CP
Chinch bug Blissus leucopterus FS
Crown rust of barley Puccinia coronata f. sp. hordei
Durum leaf rust Puccinia reconditia (exotic strains)
Dwarf bunt of wheat Tilletia controversa CP
Fusarium wilt of canola Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. conglutinans CP
Fusarium wilt of lentil Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lentis CP
Goss’s bacterial wilt blight of corn Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis
Greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar FS FS FS CP
Indian green jassid Amrasca devastans FS FS
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Leaf blight of wheat Alternaria triticina CP
Leaf blotch of cereals Bipolaris spicifera CP
Leaf miners Multiple species in the Agromyza, Cerodontha, Chromatomyia, Liriomyza, Phytomyza and Pseudonapomyza genera FS FS FS FS FS FS CP CP
Leaf rust Puccinia triticina (exotic strains) FS
Leaf spot of field pea Alternaria humicola CP
Lentil rust Uromyces viciae-fabae (lentil strain) FS CP
Lupin rust Uromyces lupinicola FS
Lupin rust Uromyces renovatus FS
Maize cyst nematode Heterodera zeae CP
Maize dwarf mosaic virus Maize dwarf mosaic virus (Potyvirus) CP
May beetle Phyllophaga spp. CP
Mediterranean pulse beetle Bruchus emarginatus FS
Melon thrips Thrips palmi FS
Mexican bean weevil Zabrotes subfasciatus FS
Net form of net blotch Pyrenophora teres f. sp. teres CP
Oat leaf miner fly Chromatomyia fusicula CP
Pacific spider mite Tetranychus pacificus FS
Pea early browning virus Pea early browning virus (Tobravirus)
Pea enation mosaic virus Pea enation mosaic virus (Enamovirus)
Pea leaf miner Chromatomyia horticola FS CP
Pea leaf weevil Sitona lineatus CP
Red clover vein mosaic virus Red clover vein mosaic virus (Carlavirus) CP
Russian wheat aphid Diuraphis noxia 3 FS CP
Rust of field pea Uromyces pisi (field pea strain) FS CP
Serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza huidobrensis FS FS FS CP CP
Soil borne viruses of wheat
Sorghum shoot fly Atherigona soccata CP
Stem nematode Ditylenchus dipsaci FS
Sudden death syndrome of soybean Multiple species including: Fusarium virguliforme, F. brasiliense, F. cuneirostrum and F. tucumaniae FS
Tarnished plant bug Lygus lineolaris FS FS FS CP
Tomato leaf miner (Liriomyza bryoniae) Liriomyza bryoniae FS CP CP
Turnip moth Agrotis segetum CP
Vegetable leaf miner Liriomyza sativae 3 FS FS FS FS CP
Verticillium wilt of canola Verticillium longisporum CP
Western plant bug Lygus hesperus FS
Wheat aphid Sitobion avenae CP
Wheat leaf miner Chromatomyia nigra CP
Wheat sheath leaf miner Cerodontha denticornis CP
Wheat spindle streak mosaic virus Wheat spindle streak mosaic virus (Bymovirus) 4
Wheat stem maggot Meromyza americana CP
Wheat stem maggot Meromyza saltatrix CP
Wheat stripe rust Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (exotic strains)
Witchweed Striga asiatica and Striga hermonthica FS