Hazelnuts

hazelnuts-industryHazelnut Growers of Australia Inc represent the biosecurity interests of hazelnut producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2013–14, hazelnut production was valued at $0.9 million (LVP). Because local supply does not meet demand Australia has imported 2,500 tonnes per year, chiefly from Turkey, since 2000.

A northern hemisphere confectionary manufacturer has invested in Australian orchards in recent years to boost production. Plants have been imported through a strict quarantine process from Chile for planting in rural NSW. It is anticipated that close to a million trees will be planted and that hazelnut production will be 300 tonnes valued at $2.1 million by 2020.

The hazelnut industry became a signatory to the EPPRD in November 2015. To boost hazelnut biosecurity exotic pest fact sheets are being developed, the hazelnut section of the nut biosecurity plan is being amended and a biosecurity manual will be published.

Annual value of hazelnut production 2010–14 (LVP)

Hazelnuts graph

Distribution of hazelnut production by state and territory 2013–14 (based on LVP)

Hazelnut pie chart

Tree nut IBPBiosecurity Plan for the Tree Nut Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the hazelnut industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Biosecurity Plan for the Tree Nut Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au.

Nuts PostcardPostcard

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of hazelnuts. These pests were identified during the development of the Biosecurity Plan for the Tree Nut Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Brown-marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys FS
Eastern filbert blight Anisogramma anomala FS
Green stink bug Chinavia hilaris (syn. Acrosternum hilare, Pentatoma hilaris, Chinavia hilare, Nezara hilaris) FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar FS FS FS CP
Hazelnut blight Anisogramma anomala 3 FS
Sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum 1 FS FS CP DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the hazelnut industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to the hazelnut industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
European canker Neonectria ditissima FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar FS FS FS CP
Oblique-banded leaf roller Choristoneura rosaceana FS
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum 1 FS FS CP
Texas root rot Phymatotrichum omnivorum 2 FS FS