Hazelnuts

hazelnuts-industryHazelnut Growers of Australia Inc represent the biosecurity interests of hazelnut producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2014–15, hazelnut production was valued at $1 million (LVP). The industry is however, expanding, with approximately 200 hectares planted, consisting of around 100,000 trees. The industry estimates hazelnut production in 2020 will be 300 tonnes with a value of $2.1 million.

Hazelnuts are grown in the temperate areas of south eastern Australia. The main production regions are the Central Tablelands of NSW around Orange, and north-east Victoria around Myrtleford. They are also grown in central and eastern Victoria and increasingly in northern Tasmania. There are small levels of production in SA and WA.

Australia has recently seen a major on-farm investment in hazelnuts from a northern hemisphere confectionary manufacturer which confirms that the opportunities for Australian hazelnuts are large, giving renewed confidence to Australian growers.

Australia imports 2,500 tonnes of hazelnut product annually, primarily from Turkey.

Imported produce is mainly in kernel form for use by mass market confectioners.

Throughout 2016 the Hazelnut Growers of Australia Inc has been involved in a number of exotic incursions relevant to the hazelnut industry, including a new hazelnut mite. Australia is free from Eastern filbert blight, a serious disease affecting the industry in the USA.

Aspects of biosecurity are well embedded in the Australian Hazelnut Industry Five Year Strategic Plan – 2016 to 2021.

The hazelnut industry is covered by version 2.0 of the nut industry biosecurity plan, which was reviewed in 2016.

Annual value of hazelnut production 2010–15 (LVP)

Distribution of hazelnut production by state and territory 2014–15 (based on LVP)

Tree nut IBPBiosecurity Plan for the Tree Nut Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the hazelnut industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Biosecurity Plan for the Tree Nut Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au.

Nuts PostcardPostcard

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of hazelnuts. These pests were identified during the development of the Biosecurity Plan for the Tree Nut Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Brown-marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys FS
Eastern filbert blight Anisogramma anomala FS
Green stink bug Chinavia hilaris (syn. Acrosternum hilare, Pentatoma hilaris, Chinavia hilare, Nezara hilaris) FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar and Lymantria mathura FS FS FS CP
Hazelnut blight Anisogramma anomala 3 FS
Sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum 1 FS FS CP DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the hazelnut industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to the hazelnut industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
European canker Neonectria ditissima FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar and Lymantria mathura FS FS FS CP
Oblique-banded leaf roller Choristoneura rosaceana FS
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum 1 FS FS CP
Texas root rot Phymatotrichum omnivorum 2 FS FS