Cherries

Cherry Growers of Australia represent the biosecurity interests of cherry growers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2015–16, production of cherries was valued at $158 million (LVP). The cherry industry comprises 485 cherry enterprises farming 2,845 hectares and producing more than 18,500 tonnes of fruit.

Australia produces some of the world’s finest cherries. Growing international demand is driving expansion, with new investment within the Australian cherry industry from both local and overseas stakeholders.

Currently, 70 per cent of produce is for domestic consumption, with $76 million of Australian cherries exported in 2015–16 to more than 30 overseas markets.

Across Australia, cherry growing regions span a variety of climatic zones, with over 30 cherry varieties under production. Cherry growing enterprises vary from smaller boutique orchards in WA and Queensland to larger suppliers in NSW, Victoria and Tasmania who export across the globe.

National expansion is underpinned by ongoing research and strong biosecurity principles, established through the cherry industry’s Biosecurity Management Programme, and supported by PHA’s cherry biosecurity plan version 2.01 and Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Cherry Industry Version 1.0.

Annual value of cherry production, 2007–16

Distribution of cherry production by state and territory, 2015–16 (based on LVP)

Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Cherry Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the cherry industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Cherry Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au.

Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Cherry Industry

The Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Cherry Industry contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Cherry PostcardPost card

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of cherries. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Cherry Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella FS FS DP
Black cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis fausta DP
Blackline (Cherry leaf roll virus) Cherry leaf roll virus (Nepovirus) (exotic strains) 3 DP
Brown headed leaf roller Ctenopseustis obliquana FS
Brown rot Monilinia fructigena 3 FS FS DP
Cherry brown tortrix Pandemis cerasana
European canker Neonectria ditissima FS DP
European stone fruit yellows Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum 3 FS DP
Green headed leaf roller Planotortrix octo FS
Little cherry virus 1 Little cherry virus 1 (Unassigned)
Little cherry virus 2 Little cherry virus 2 (Ampelovirus)
Oblique-banded leaf roller Choristoneura rosaceana FS
Peach X disease Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni 3 FS DP
Plum curculio Conotrachelus nenuphar 2 FS FS
Plum pox virus Plum pox virus (Potyvirus) 2 FS FS CP DP
Powdery mildew of cherry Podosphaera clandestina var. clandestina (exotic strains)
Spotted-winged drosophila Drosophila suzukii FS FS FS FS
Texas root rot Phymatotrichum omnivorum 2 FS FS
Western cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis indifferens DP
Xylella fastidiosa Xylella fastidiosa including X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex and pauca 2 FS FS FS FS FS CP DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the cherry industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to the cherry industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Almond kernel shrivel Peach yellow leafroll phytoplasma FS
Almond seed wasp Eurytoma amygdali FS
Cassava spider mite Tetranychus truncatus FS
Glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis FS FS FS FS FS CP CP
Green headed leaf roller Planotortrix excessana FS
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS DP
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana FS
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS DP
Pacific spider mite Tetranychus pacificus FS
Papaya mealy bug Paracoccus marginatus FS CP
Peach twig borer Anarsia lineatella FS
Plum fruit moth Cydia funebrana FS
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS DP
Raspberry ringspot virus Raspberry ringspot virus (Nepovirus) FS
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Tarnished plant bug Lygus lineolaris FS FS FS CP
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Tomato ringspot virus Tomato ringspot virus (Nepovirus) FS
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae (exotic defoliating strains) 3 FS
Western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis FS