Dried fruit

Dried Fruits Australia represent the biosecurity interests of grape growers of the dried fruit industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2017–18, dried grape production (sultana types, currants and raisins) had an estimated value of $34 million (LVP) with exports valued at $19.8 million. The 2020 crop is estimated to be 15,000 tonnes. Export sales of dried vine fruits to Europe and Asia are expected to increase to 5,000 or more tonnes in coming years. In Australia, grapes for the dried fruit industry are predominantly grown in the Sunraysia region which spans north western Victoria and south-western NSW around the Murray River, and also in the SA Riverland.

The dried fruit industry regularly distributes biosecurity information and guidelines from PHA to its members via a quarterly publication, The Vine, and through the email newsletter Currant News. The viticulture biosecurity manual has been distributed to growers of dried fruit through the major industry processors. The industry also undertakes Emergency Plant Pest Response training in order to understand the roles and responsibilities of their officers in the event of a pest incursion.

During 2019, producers voted to introduce a biosecurity levy to enable the dried vine fruits industry value chain to be a contributing participant in national biosecurity related activities and projects such as surveillance and emergency scenarios.

Annual value of dried grape production, 2007–18

Distribution of dried grape production by state and territory, 2017–18 (based on LVP)

Biosecurity Plan for the Viticulture Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the viticulture industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Biosecurity Plan for the Viticulture Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected]

Biosecurity Manual for Viticulture IndustryBiosecurity Manual for Viticulture Industry

The Biosecurity Manual for Viticulture Industry contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks.  Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Viticulture PostcardPostcard

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of grapes. These pests were identified during the development of the Biosecurity Plan for the Viticulture Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected] for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
American berry moth Polychrosis viteana FS
Black rot Guignardia bidwellii 3 FS DP
Bois noir Candidatus Phytoplasma solani FS
Brown-marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys FS FS FS CP
Carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae FS FS FS FS DP DP
Comstock’s mealybug Pseudococcus comstocki FS
Grapevine red blotch-associated virus Grapevine red blotch-associated virus FS
Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium 2 FS FS CP
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana syn A. franciscana FS
Pierces disease Xylella fastidiosa 2 FS FS FS FS FS CP CPDP
Spotted lanternfly Lycorma delicatula FS
Spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii FS FS FS FS

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of grapes. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the dried fruit industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Angular leaf scorch Pseudopezicula tetraspora FS
Angular leaf spot Mycosphaerella angulata FS
Bacterial blight of grapevine Xylophilus ampelinus FS
Banana spider mite Tetranychus piercei 4 FS FS
Brown rot Monilinia fructigena 3 FS FS FS
Cassava spider mite Tetranychus truncatus FS
Citrus blackfly Aleurocanthus woglumi FS
European grapevine moth Lobesia botrana FS
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis FS FS FS FS FS FS FS CP CP
Grapevine leaf rust Phakopsora euvitis 3 FS
Grape mealybug Pseudococcus maritimus FS
Grape phylloxera Daktulosphaira vitifoliae (exotic strains) Type B 3 FS CP
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS DP
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS FS DP
Natal fruit fly Ceratitis rosa FS DP
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana syn A. franciscana FS
Pacific spider mite Tetranychus pacificus FS
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS DP
Raspberry ringspot virus Raspberry ringspot virus (Nepovirus) FS
Rotbrenner Pseudopezicula tracheiphila FS
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Texas root rot Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (syn Phymatotrichum omnivorum) 2 FS FS
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis FS
Vine mealybug Planococcus ficus FS