Passionfruit

Passionfruit Australia are members of Plant Health Australia and represent the biosecurity interests of passionfruit growers and the industry.  Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2017–18, passionfruit production of 4,790 tonnes of fruit was valued at $17 million (LVP). At present, there is a minimal amount of passionfruit exported.

There is currently around 280 hectares of passionfruit under cultivation in Australia with around 375,000 passionfruit vines. About 60 per cent of the Australian passionfruit crop is grown in Queensland, and around one third in NSW. The industry is starting to expand in WA, and there are new plantings in the NT and Victoria.

Passionfruit is grown year-round, but main market supply time is December through to September. The main purple passionfruit varieties grown are Misty Gem and Sweetheart, and the major Panama passionfruit varieties are Pandora and Panama Red. A National Breeding Program is continuing with the goal of developing new commercial varieties in the next five years. New varieties bred in the NT designed for tropical regions are also in the process of being commercialised.

Annual value of passionfruit production, 2007–18

Distribution of passionfruit production by state and territory, 2017–18 (based on LVP)

Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Passionfruit Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the passionfruit industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Passionfruit Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected]

Passionfruit PostcardPostcard

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of  high priority exotic pests of passionfruit. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Passionfruit Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected] for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Bacterial blight Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. passiflorae
Carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae FS FS FS FS DP DP
Cook Islands fruit fly Bactrocera melanotus DP DP
East Asian Passiflora virus East Asian Passiflora virus (Potyvirus)
Fijian fruit fly Bactrocera kirki DP DP
Fijian fruit fly Bactrocera passiflorae FS DP DP
Melon fruit fly Zeugodacus cucurbitae FS DP DP
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS FS DP DP
Pacific fruit fly Bactrocera xanthodes DP DP
Passiflora chlorosis virus Passiflora chlorosis virus (Potyvirus)
Passionfruit crinkle virus Passionfruit crinkle virus (Potyvirus)
Passionfruit ringspot virus Passionfruit ringspot virus (Potyvirus)
Passionfruit severe leaf distortion virus Passionfruit severe leaf distortion virus (Begomovirus)
Passionfruit Sri Lankan mottle potyvirus Passionfruit Sri Lankan mottle virus (Potyvirus)
Passionfruit vein clearing rhabdovirus Passionfruit vein clearing virus (Rhabdovirus)
Passionfruit yellow mosaic virus Passionfruit yellow mosaic virus (Tymovirus)
Sri Lankan fruit fly Bactrocera kandiensis DP DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the passionfruit industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the passionfruit industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Banana spider mite Tetranychus piercei 4 FS FS
Cotton aphid Aphis gossypii (exotic strains) FS
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS DP
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS DP