Summerfruit Australia represents the biosecurity interests of summerfruit producers (including apricots, nectarines, peaches and plums) and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

Nectarines and peaches comprised two thirds of national stone fruit production, followed by plums and apricots. Production is mainly located in subtropical and temperate Australia where the industry is a major rural and regional employer. Victoria produces around 75 per cent of Australia’s stone fruit (138,000 tonnes nationally) with the remaining production spread between New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania.

Increased stone fruit exports have been driven by demand from China. Market access to mainland China allowed an expansion of exports. Other major markets are United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Malaysia.

Summerfruit IBPIndustry Biosecurity Plan for the Summerfruit Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the summerfruit industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Summerfruit Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email

Summerfruit Biosecurity ManualOrchard Biosecurity Manual for the Summerfruit Industry

The Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Summerfruit Industry contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Fact sheets and web links about the pollination of summerfruit crops are listed below. Please be aware that some of the information was developed overseas, and environmental and seasonal variations may occur.

Peaches and nectarines pollination fact sheet, The Pollination Program (Agrifutures Australia and Hort Innovation)

Apricot pollination fact sheet, The Pollination Program (Agrifutures Australia and Hort Innovation)

Plum pollination fact sheet, The Pollination Program (Agrifutures Australia and Hort Innovation)

Honey bees in cherry and plum pollination, NSW Department of Primary Industries

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of summerfruit. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Summerfruit Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Brown-marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys FS FS FS CP
Glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis FS FS FS FS FS FS FS CP CP DP
Guava fruit fly Anastrepha striata and Bactrocera correcta DP DP
Spongy moths Lymantria dispar and Lymantria mathura FS FS FS CP DP
Meadow froghopper (meadow spittle bug) Philaenus spumarius
Mexican fruit fly Anastrepha ludens FS DP
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS FS DP DP
Plum pox virus Plum pox virus (Potyvirus) 2 FS FS CP DP
Sapote fruit fly Anastrepha serpentina DP
Spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii FS FS FS FS
Xylella fastidiosa Xylella fastidiosa including X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex and pauca 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS CP CPDP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the summerfruit industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the summerfruit industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella FS FS DP
Apple proliferation Apple proliferation phytoplasma FS
Asiatic brown rot Monilinia polystroma
Banana spider mite Tetranychus piercei 4 FS FS
Brown headed leaf roller Ctenopseustis obliquana and Ctenopseustis herang FS
Brown rot Monilinia fructigena 3 FS FS FS
Carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae FS FS FS FS DP
Cassava spider mite Tetranychus truncatus FS
Citrus longicorn beetle Anoplophora chinensis FS CP
Coconut bug Amblypelta cocophaga FS
Cotton aphid Aphis gossypii (exotic strains) FS
European stone fruit yellows Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum 3 FS
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Fijian fruit fly Bactrocera passiflorae FS DP
Fire blight Erwinia amylovora 2 FS CP
Green headed leaf roller Planotortrix excessana FS
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS DP
Melon fruit fly Zeugodacus cucurbitae FS DP
New Guinea fruit fly Bactrocera trivialis 3 FS FS DP
Oblique-banded leaf roller Choristoneura rosaceana FS
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana syn A. franciscana FS
Pacific spider mite Tetranychus pacificus FS
Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata FS DP
Peach rosette mosaic virus Peach rosette mosaic virus (Nepovirus)
Peach twig borer Anarsia lineatella FS
Peach X disease Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni 3 FS
Plum curculio Conotrachelus nenuphar 2 FS FS
Plum fruit moth Cydia funebrana FS
Poinsettia thrips Echinothrips americanus FS CP
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS DP
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Tarnished plant bug Lygus lineolaris FS FS FS CP
Texas root rot Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (syn Phymatotrichum omnivorum) 2 FS FS
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Tomato ringspot virus Tomato ringspot virus (Nepovirus) FS
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae (exotic defoliating strains) 3 FS
Western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis FS
Western plant bug Lygus hesperus FS