Summerfruit Australia represents the biosecurity interests of summerfruit producers (including apricots, nectarines, peaches and plums) and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2017–18, stone fruit production (fresh apricots, nectarines, peaches and plums) was valued at $207 million (LVP), with exports valued at $65.1 million.

Nectarines and peaches comprised two thirds of national stone fruit production, followed by plums and apricots. Production is mainly located in subtropical and temperate Australia where the industry is a major rural and regional employer. Victoria produces around 75 per cent of Australia’s stone fruit (161,000 tonnes nationally) with the remaining production spread between NSW, Queensland, SA, WA and Tasmania.

Increased summerfruit exports have been driven by demand from China. Market access to mainland China for nectarines (in May 2016) and apricots, peaches and plums (in November 2017) allowed an expansion of exports. During the 2018–19 export season, a record 23,013 tonnes were exported (an increase of 30 per cent), with 12,000 tonnes going to China and Hong Kong. Other major markets were United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Malaysia.

In 2019, Summerfruit Australia was involved in a number of responses to pest incursions affecting the stone fruit industry, including detections of brown marmorated stink bug in cargo, varroa mite and exotic fruit fly. The industry also updated their biosecurity plan with PHA and governments.

Annual value of summerfruit production, 2007–17

Distribution of summerfruit production by state and territory, 2017–18 (based on LVP)


Summerfruit IBPIndustry Biosecurity Plan for the Summerfruit Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the summerfruit industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Summerfruit Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected].

Summerfruit Biosecurity ManualOrchard Biosecurity Manual for the Summerfruit Industry

The Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Summerfruit Industry contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of summerfruit. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Summerfruit Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected] for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Asiatic brown rot Monilinia polystroma
Brown rot Monilinia fructigena 3 FS FS FS DP
European stone fruit yellows Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum 3 FS DP
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis FS FS FS FS FS FS FS CP CP DP
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Melon fruit fly Zeugodacus cucurbitae FS DP DP
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS FS DP DP
Peach rosette mosaic virus Peach rosette mosaic virus (Nepovirus)
Peach X disease Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni 3 FS DP
Plum curculio Conotrachelus nenuphar 2 FS FS
Plum fruit moth Cydia funebrana FS
Plum pox virus Plum pox virus (Potyvirus) 2 FS FS CP DP
Spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii FS FS FS FS
Xylella fastidiosa Xylella fastidiosa including X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex and pauca 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS CP CPDP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the summerfruit industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the summerfruit industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella FS FS DP
Apple proliferation Apple proliferation phytoplasma FS
Banana spider mite Tetranychus piercei 4 FS FS
Brown headed leaf roller Ctenopseustis obliquana and Ctenopseustis herang FS
Carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae FS FS FS FS DP
Cassava spider mite Tetranychus truncatus FS
Citrus longicorn beetle Anoplophora chinensis FS CP
Coconut bug Amblypelta cocophaga FS
Cotton aphid Aphis gossypii (exotic strains) FS
Fijian fruit fly Bactrocera passiflorae FS DP
Fire blight Erwinia amylovora 2 FS CP
Green headed leaf roller Planotortrix excessana FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar and Lymantria mathura FS FS FS CP
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS DP
New Guinea fruit fly Bactrocera trivialis 3 FS FS DP
Oblique-banded leaf roller Choristoneura rosaceana FS
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana syn A. franciscana FS
Pacific spider mite Tetranychus pacificus FS
Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata FS DP
Peach twig borer Anarsia lineatella FS
Poinsettia thrips Echinothrips americanus FS CP
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS DP
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Tarnished plant bug Lygus lineolaris FS FS FS CP
Texas root rot Phymatotrichum omnivorum 2 FS FS
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Tomato ringspot virus Tomato ringspot virus (Nepovirus) FS
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae (exotic defoliating strains) 3 FS
Western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis FS
Western plant bug Lygus hesperus FS