Avocados

Avocados Australia represents the biosecurity interests of avocado producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2017–18, avocado production was valued at $350 million (LVP), with exports valued at $11.6 million, which were mainly shipped to Malaysia and Singapore.

Australians’ love of avocados has grown steadily each year since the 1990s. Consumption in 2018–19 reached 3.8 kilograms per person, up from 1.2 kilograms in 1997–98.

Queensland dominates Australia’s avocado production, followed by WA, NSW, SA and Victoria, with a small amount of production in Tasmania and one known orchard in the NT. This geographic diversity in growing regions ensures domestic access to Australian avocados year-round. Fruit imported from New Zealand supplements supply during spring and summer.

The Hass variety is the predominant avocado produced in Australia, accounting for approximately 81 per cent production, with Shepard accounting for about 16 per cent. Other varieties such as Reed, Sharwil, Gwen, Wurtz and Fuerte make up the balance.

Annual value of avocado production, 2007–18

Distribution of avocado production by state and territory, 2017–18 (based on LVP)

 

Biosecurity Plan for the Avocado Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the almond industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Biosecurity Plan for the Avocado Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected]

Avocado Biosecurity ManualOrchard Biosecurity Manual for the Avocado Industry

The Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Avocado Industry contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Avocado PostcardPostcard

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of avocados. These pests were identified during the development of the Biosecurity Plan for the Avocado Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected] for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Avocado scab Elsinoe perseae syn. Sphaceloma perseae FS
Avocado seed moth Stenoma catenifer FS
Avocado thrips Scirtothrips perseae FS DP
Bacterial canker Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (exotic races)
Bacterial canker Xanthomonas campestris (avocado strain) and Pantoea agglomerans
Brown headed leaf roller Ctenopseustis obliquana and Ctenopseustis herang FS
Carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae FS FS FS FS DP DP
Cook Islands fruit fly Bactrocera melanotus DP DP
Fijian fruit fly Bactrocera kirki DP DP
Fijian fruit fly Bactrocera passiflorae FS DP DP
Large seed weevil Helipus lauri
Laurel wilt Raffaelea lauricola FS
Melon fruit fly Zeugodacus cucurbitae FS DP DP
Mexican fruit fly Anastrepha ludens FS DP
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS FS DP DP
Pacific fruit fly Bactrocera xanthodes DP DP
Papaya mealy bug Paracoccus marginatus FS CP
Persea mite Oligonychus perseae FS
Small avocado seed weevil Conotrachelus aguacatae
Small seed weevil Conotrachelus perseae
Sri Lankan fruit fly Bactrocera kandiensis DP DP
Sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum 1 FS FS FS CP DP
Tongan fruit fly Bactrocera facialis DP DP
Trunk canker Phytophthora mengei FS

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the avocado industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to the avocado industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Avocado sunblotch Avocado sunblotch viroid (symptomatic strains) FS
Brown-marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys FS FS FS CP
Citrus blackfly Aleurocanthus woglumi FS
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Florida flower thrips Frankliniella bispinosa FS
Glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis FS FS FS FS FS FS FS CP CP
Grape mealybug Pseudococcus maritimus FS
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS DP
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana syn A. franciscana FS
Papaya mealy bug Paracoccus marginatus FS CP
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS DP
Western leaf footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus FS
Xylella fastidiosa Xylella fastidiosa including X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex and pauca 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS CP