Apples and pears

Apple and Pear Australia (APAL) represents the biosecurity interests of apple and pear producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2013–14, apple and pear production was valued at $457 million (LVP). The most popular apple varieties are Cripps Pink (Pink LadyTM), Royal GalaTM and Granny Smith, whilst for pears Packham and Williams dominate.

The major production area for the Australian apple and pear industry is in Victoria, primarily in southern Victoria and the Goulburn Valley. This area produces 43 per cent and 89 per cent of Australia’s apples and pears respectively. Other major growing areas include Stanthorpe in Queensland, Batlow and Orange in NSW, the Huon and Tamar Valleys in Tasmania, the Adelaide Hills in SA, and Donnybrook, Manjimup and the Perth Hills in WA.

The majority of apple production is consumed domestically, with less than five per cent exported to the premium markets of the United Kingdom and Europe and the markets of south east Asia.

Annual value of apple and pear production 2007–14 (LVP)

Apple and pear graph

Distribution of apple and pear production by state and territory 2013–14 (based on LVP)

Apples and pears pie chart



Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Apple and Pear Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the apple and pear industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Apple and Pear Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email

Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Apple and Pear Industry

The Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Apple and Pear Industry contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Apple & Pear PostcardPostcard

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of apples and pears. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Apple and Pear Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella FS FS
Apple proliferation Apple proliferation phytoplasma FS
Cedar apple rust Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae FS
European canker Neonectria ditissima FS DP
Fire blight Erwinia amylovora 2 FS CP
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar FS FS FS CP
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS
Plum curculio Conotrachelus nenuphar 2 FS FS
Rosy apple aphid Dysaphis plantaginea FS
Spotted-winged drosophila Drosophila suzukii FS FS FS FS

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the apple and pear industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to the apple and pear industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Black stem blight Erwinia pyrifoliae FS
Blister spot of apples Pseudomonas syringae pv. papulans
Brown rot Monilinia fructigena 3 FS FS
Cassava spider mite Tetranychus truncatus FS
Citrus longicorn beetle Anoplophora chinensis FS CP
Green headed leaf roller Planotortrix excessana FS
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS
Oblique-banded leaf roller Choristoneura rosaceana FS
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana FS
Pacific spider mite Tetranychus pacificus FS
Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata FS
Pear fruit moth Numonia pirivorella 3 FS
Pear psyllid Cacopsylla pyricola FS
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Texas root rot Phymatotrichum omnivorum 2 FS FS
Tomato ringspot virus Tomato ringspot virus (Nepovirus) FS
Western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis FS
Xylella fastidiosa Xylella fastidiosa including X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex and pauca 2 FS FS FS FS FS CP