Potatoes

AUSVEG represents the biosecurity interests of vegetable and potato producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2016–17, gross vegetable and potato production was valued at $2.2 billion. Major crops include potatoes, carrots and lettuce. Potato production alone was valued at $510 million. Exports of vegetables, including potatoes, were worth $192 million.

Australia’s diverse climate and soils accommodate vegetable cultivation in all states and territories, ensuring a constant supply of fresh vegetables. Australian vegetable growers provide the majority of fresh vegetables consumed in Australia and an increasing amount
of fresh vegetables consumed overseas.

The Australian vegetable industry is committed to building its capacity to respond to potential biosecurity threats. A vegetable Industry Biosecurity Advisor, two full-time farm biosecurity officers, and a potatoes pest surveillance project officer allow the industry to participate in a range of biosecurity initiatives.

During 2018, the farm biosecurity officers visited a number of growing regions across Australia and held a series of biosecurity awareness seminars. Farm biosecurity planning resources have been reviewed and updated to reflect industry needs.

Other biosecurity initiatives include participation in technical meetings with the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources as well as engagement with other government departments, committees, bodies and PHA.

The potato industry is covered by version 2.0 of the potato biosecurity plan. In 2018, the Potato Growers’ Biosecurity Manual Version 1.0 was developed by PHA in consultation with AUSVEG.

Annual value of potato production, 2007–17

 

Distribution of potato production by state and territory, 2016–17 (based on LVP)

 

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of  potatoes. These pests were identified during the development of the Biosecurity Plan for the Potato Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected] for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
American serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza trifolii FS FS FS CP DP
Bacterial wilt Ralstonia solanacearum, race 4 (exotic strains)
Black bean aphid Aphis fabae FS CP
Colorado potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata 3 FS DP
Cotton aphid Aphis gossypii (exotic strains) FS
Potato cyst nematode (golden) Globodera rostochiensis (exotic strains) 3
Potato cyst nematode (white or pale) Globodera pallida FS
Potato late blight Phytophthora infestans (A2 mating type) FS
Potato spindle tuber viroid Potato spindle tuber viroid (Pospiviroidae) 3 FS DP
Root knot nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii FS
Serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza huidobrensis FS FS FS FS CP CP
Tomato-potato psyllid Bactericera cockerelli 3 FS FS CP DP
Zebra chip Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum 2 FS FS CP DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of potatoes. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the potato industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Bacterial ring rot Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus 3 FS
Cotton aphid Aphis gossypii (exotic strains) FS
Florida flower thrips Frankliniella bispinosa FS
Impatiens necrotic ringspot virus Impatiens necrotic ringspot virus (Tospovirus) CP
Papaya mealy bug Paracoccus marginatus FS CP
Root knot nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii FS
Tarnished plant bug Lygus lineolaris FS FS FS CP
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Tomato leaf miner (Tuta absoluta) Tuta absoluta FS
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae (exotic defoliating strains) 3 FS

Industry biosecurity plans

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the vegetable industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Biosecurity Plan for the Potato Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected]

Farm biosecurity manuals

Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

The Potato Growers' Biosecurity Manual is based on the six 'essentials ' of on-farm biosecurity: people, vehicles and equipment; farm inputs; farm outputs; feral animals and weeds; production practices; train, plan and record.

More information about on-farm biosecurity is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.