Olives

The Australian Olive Association represents the biosecurity interests of olive producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2014–15, olive production was valued at $119 million (LVP). The Australian olive industry began in earnest in 1990 with the majority of large groves planted between 1996 and 2004. The olive industry is regarded as mainstream agriculture and remains an important employer in regional Australia. In 2013 the industry began collecting an RD&E levy.

The industry suffered losses during the global financial crisis which saw a number of groves change hands. Since then the Australian Olive Association has noticed a number of new, younger people purchasing olive orchards and joining the Association bringing renewed enthusiasm and vision. Victoria is the largest producer, followed by WA, SA and NSW.

The industry estimates that in 2015–16 the Australian olive industry exported 5,047 tonnes of olive products, 11 per cent more than the previous year, worth $30.75 million. Olive oil accounted for 95 per cent of the exports of olive products, with table olives accounting for the rest. There were no measurable fresh olive exports. Spain was the leading export destination with 39 per cent market share, followed by Italy (14%) China and New Zealand (13%). Another 33 markets accounted for the remaining 21 percent.

The olive industry is covered by version 2.0 of the biosecurity plan for the olive industry.

Annual value of olive production 2007–15 (LVP)

Distribution of olive production by state and territory 2014–15 (based on LVP)

 

olive-ibpBiosecurity Plan for the Olive Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the olive industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Biosecurity Plan for the Olive Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of documents for high priority exotic pests of olives held in the Pest Information Document Database.

These pests were identified during the development of the Biosecurity Plan for the Olive Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Olive fly Bactrocera oleae
Olive moth Prays oleae
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae (exotic defoliating strains) 3 FS
Xylella fastidiosa Xylella fastidiosa including X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex and pauca 2 FS FS FS FS FS CP DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the olive industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Plant Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the olive industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Black twig borer Xylosandrus compactus FS
Blackline (Cherry leaf roll virus) Cherry leaf roll virus (Nepovirus) (exotic strains) 3
European grapevine moth Lobesia botrana FS
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis FS FS FS FS FS CP
Peach X disease Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni 3 FS
Pierces disease Xylella fastidiosa 2 FS FS FS FS FS CP
Strawberry latent ringspot virus Strawberry latent ringspot virus (Sadwavirus) FS
Texas root rot Phymatotrichum omnivorum 2 FS FS