Vegetables and potatoes

AUSVEG represents the biosecurity interests of vegetable and potato producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2013–14, vegetable and potato production was valued at $2 billion (LVP). Major crops include potatoes, carrots and lettuce.

Australia’s diverse climate and soils accommodate vegetable cultivation in all states and territories, ensuring a constant supply of fresh vegetables. Australian vegetable growers provide the majority of fresh vegetables consumed in Australia and an increasing amount of fresh vegetables consumed overseas.

The Australian vegetable industry is committed to building its capacity to respond to potential biosecurity threats and is engaging with multiple relevant government departments, committees and bodies. This includes participation in technical meetings with the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources and PHA, the appointment of a vegetable industry Biosecurity Advisor and a dedicated Vegetable and Potato Biosecurity Officer.

During 2015, the Vegetable and Potato Biosecurity Officer held a series of biosecurity awareness seminars across Australia and visited a number of growing regions in order to discuss best practice on-farm biosecurity. Raising biosecurity awareness among growers, and especially farm visitors, is a key goal of the program.

AUSVEG is also actively collaborating with state governments. As an example, in 2015 the Vegetable and Potato Biosecurity Officer collaborated with the NT government to develop a National Management Plan for the control of an incursion of the exotic cucumber green mottle mosaic virus. The successful progression of this plan resulted in the implementation of on-farm biosecurity plans for management of the virus and the lifting of quarantine arrangements in NT cucurbit production areas.

Annual value of vegetable production 2007–14 (LVP)

Vegetables graph

Distribution of vegetable production by state and territory 2013–14 (based on LVP)

Vegetable pie chart

Vegetable IBPIndustry biosecurity plans

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the vegetable industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Vegetable Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au

 

Potato IBPThe Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Potato Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au

Farm biosecurity manuals

The Farm Biosecurity Manual for the Northern Adelaide Plains Vegetable Growers contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm.

Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

Biosecurity Induction Manual for Bundaberg Horticultural Farms

An integral part of this manual is the 'Induction and farm biosecurity risk checklist'.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Brochure - Are you a risk?

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of vegetables (including potatoes). These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Vegetable Industry and the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Potato Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
American serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza trifolii FS FS CP DP
Bacterial wilt Ralstonia solanacearum, race 3 (exotic strains)
Bud necrosis disease Groundnut bud necrosis virus (Tospovirus)
Carrot cyst nematode Heterodera carotae
Carrot rust fly Psila rosae FS
Melon fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae FS
Potato cyst nematode (golden) Globodera rostochiensis (exotic strains) 3
Potato cyst nematode (white or pale) Globodera pallida
Potato late blight Phytophthora infestans (A2 mating type)
Potato spindle tuber viroid Potato spindle tuber viroid (Pospiviroidae) 3 FS DP
Potato virus Y Potato virus Y (Potyvirus) (exotic strains)
Serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza huidobrensis FS FS FS CP CP
Tomato leaf miner (Liriomyza bryoniae) Liriomyza bryoniae FS CP CP
Tomato-potato psyllid Bactericera cockerelli 3 FS CP DP
Vegetable leaf miner Liriomyza sativae 3 FS FS FS FS CP
Watermelon bud necrosis Watermelon bud necrosis virus (Tospovirus)
Watermelon silver mottle Watermelon silver mottle virus (Tospovirus)
Zebra chip Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum 2 FS CP DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of vegetables (including potatoes). Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the vegetable industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Allium leaf miner Phytomyza gymnostoma FS
Bacterial ring rot Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus 3 FS
Bakanae Gibberella fujikuroi CP
Banana spider mite Tetranychus piercei 4 FS FS
Bean weevil Acanthoscelides argillaceus FS
Beet pseudo-yellows virus Beet pseudo-yellows virus (Closterovirus) CP
Blue-striped nettle grub Parasa lepida FS
Brassica pod midge Dasineura brassicae CP
Broad bean mottle virus Broad bean mottle virus (Bromovirus)
Broad bean stain virus Broad bean stain virus (Comovirus)
Broad bean true mosaic virus Broad bean true mosaic virus (Comovirus)
Brown rot Monilinia fructigena 3 FS FS
Bruchids Multiple species in the Acanthoscelides, Bruchus, Bruchidius, Callosobruchus, Caryedon and Zabrotes genera FS
Cabbage leaf miner Phytomyza rufipes FS
Cabbage seedpod weevil Ceutorhynchus obstrictus FS CP
Cassava spider mite Tetranychus truncatus FS
Coconut bug Amblypelta cocophaga FS
Colorado potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata 3 FS
Corn earworm Helicoverpa zea CP
Cotton aphid Aphis gossypii (exotic strains) FS
Currant-lettuce aphid Nasonovia ribisnigri FS
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Fijian fruit fly (Bactrocera passiflorae) Bactrocera passiflorae FS
Greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum FS
Grey pineapple mealybug Dysmicoccus neobrevipes FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar FS FS FS CP
Impatiens necrotic ringspot virus Impatiens necrotic ringspot virus (Tospovirus) CP
Indian green jassid Amrasca devastans FS FS
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Leaf blight Botrytis squamosa FS
Leaf blotch of cereals Bipolaris spicifera CP
Leaf miners Multiple species in the Agromyza, Cerodontha, Chromatomyia, Liriomyza, Phytomyza and Pseudonapomyza genera FS FS FS FS FS FS CP CP
Leaf spot of field pea Alternaria humicola CP
Lentil anthracnose Colletotrichum truncatum (lentil strain) FS CP
Lesser bulb fly Eumerus strigatus FS
Lettuce infectious yellows virus Lettuce infectious yellows virus (Crinivirus) CP
May beetle Phyllophaga spp. CP
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS
Mediterranean pulse beetle Bruchus emarginatus FS
Melon thrips Thrips palmi FS
Mexican bean weevil Zabrotes subfasciatus FS
New Guinea fruit fly Bactrocera trivialis FS FS
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Onion fly Delia antiqua FS
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana FS
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS
Pacific spider mite Tetranychus pacificus FS
Papaya fruit fly Bactrocera papayae 2 FS FS FS FS
Papaya mealy bug Paracoccus marginatus FS CP
Pea enation mosaic virus Pea enation mosaic virus (Enamovirus)
Pea leaf miner Chromatomyia horticola FS CP
Pea leaf weevil Sitona lineatus CP
Pepino mosaic virus Pepino mosaic virus (Potexvirus)
Poinsettia thrips Echinothrips americanus FS CP
Potato spindle tuber viroid Potato spindle tuber viroid (Pospiviroidae) 3 FS
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS
Rust of field pea Uromyces pisi (field pea strain) FS CP
Southern corn rootworm Diabrotica undecimpunctata FS
Spotted stem borer Chilo partellus CP
Stewarts wilt of maize Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii FS
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Tarnished plant bug Lygus lineolaris FS FS FS CP
Texas root rot Phymatotrichum omnivorum 2 FS FS
Tobacco etch virus Tobacco etch virus (Potyvirus) CP
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Tomato spotted wilt virus Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus) CP
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (Begomovirus) CP
Turnip moth Agrotis segetum CP
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae (exotic defoliating strains) 3 FS
Western corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera FS
Western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis FS
Western plant bug Lygus hesperus FS