Processing tomatoes

The Australian Processing Tomato Research Council represents the biosecurity interests of the producers of processing tomatoes. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2013–14, processing tomato production was valued at $20.5 million (LVP). The industry estimates that approximately 2, 700 hectares were planted in 2014–15 with around 286,000 tonnes delivered for processing, which was an increase of about 28 per cent from the previous year. This included over 7,300 tonnes from growers of fresh tomatoes. In 2014–15, an average yield of 106 tonnes per hectare was achieved by growers of processing tomatoes — a new record. Australia consumes around 550,000 tonnes of processed tomatoes, with the majority of imports coming from Italy and China.

The main varieties grown in Australia are dominated by Heinz cultivars and 99 per cent of the production area is irrigated using sub-surface drip lines.

Annual value of processing tomato production 2007–14 (LVP)

Processing tomatoes graph

Distribution of processing tomato production by state and territory 2013–14 (based on LVP)

Processing tomato pie chart

Tomato IBPBiosecurity Plan for the Tomato Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the papaya industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Biosecurity Plan for the Tomato Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au

 

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of tomatoes. These pests were identified during the development of the Biosecurity Plan for the Tomato Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
American serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza trifolii FS FS CP DP
Flower thrips Frankliniella intonsa
Giant African snail Achatina fulica
Pea leaf miner Chromatomyia horticola FS CP
Tomato leaf miner (Liriomyza bryoniae) Liriomyza bryoniae FS CP CP
Tomato leaf miner (Tuta absoluta) Tuta absoluta FS
Tomato-potato psyllid Bactericera cockerelli 3 FS CP DP
Vegetable leaf miner Liriomyza sativae 3 FS FS FS FS CP
Zebra chip Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum 2 FS CP DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of processing tomatoes. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to the tomato industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Bacterial ring rot Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus 3 FS
Bakanae Gibberella fujikuroi CP
Blue-striped nettle grub Parasa lepida FS
Brown rot Monilinia fructigena 3 FS FS
Carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae FS FS FS FS
Chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus Chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus (Tospovirus) CP
Colorado potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata 3 FS
Cotton aphid Aphis gossypii (exotic strains) FS
Greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum FS
Grey pineapple mealybug Dysmicoccus neobrevipes FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar FS FS FS CP
Impatiens necrotic ringspot virus Impatiens necrotic ringspot virus (Tospovirus) CP
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Leaf miners Multiple species in the Agromyza, Cerodontha, Chromatomyia, Liriomyza, Phytomyza and Pseudonapomyza genera FS FS FS FS FS FS CP CP
Lettuce infectious yellows virus Lettuce infectious yellows virus (Crinivirus) CP
May beetle Phyllophaga spp. CP
Melon fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae FS
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Panicle blight Burkholderia glumae CP
Papaya fruit fly Bactrocera papayae 2 FS FS FS FS
Papaya mealy bug Paracoccus marginatus FS CP
Pea leaf miner Chromatomyia horticola FS CP
Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata FS
Pepino mosaic virus Pepino mosaic virus (Potexvirus)
Potato spindle tuber viroid Potato spindle tuber viroid (Pospiviroidae) 3 FS
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS
Serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza huidobrensis FS FS FS CP CP
Spotted stem borer Chilo partellus CP
Tarnished plant bug Lygus lineolaris FS FS FS CP
Tobacco etch virus Tobacco etch virus (Potyvirus) CP
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Tomato ringspot virus Tomato ringspot virus (Nepovirus) FS
Tomato spotted wilt virus Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus) CP
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (Begomovirus) CP
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae (exotic defoliating strains) 3 FS
Western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis FS
Western plant bug Lygus hesperus FS