Onions

Onions Australia represents the biosecurity interests of onion producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2016–17, onion production was valued at $226 million (LVP) and fresh exports were valued at $18.1 million.

Onions are grown in most states, but SA and Tasmania together produce 71 per cent of the Australian crop. Key onion production locations are the Lockyer Valley in Queensland, north-eastern regions and the Adelaide plains of SA and the Devonport–Launceston region of Tasmania. The total area planted to onions is largest in SA, as is the average planting per farm.

The main type of onion grown in Australia is the traditional brown onion, which accounts for 79 per cent of fresh production. Onion production is during late spring, summer and autumn.

Planting starts around April through September, harvesting from August to March, and storage supplies the market for the winter months.

The onion industry is covered by version 2.0 of the onion biosecurity plan. The Onion Growers’ Biosecurity Manual Version 1.0 was produced and launched in 2018.

Annual value of onion production, 2007–17

Distribution of onion production by state and territory, 2016–17 (based on LVP)

Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Onion Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the onion industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Onion Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected].

Onions Growers' Biosecurity Manual

The Onion Growers' Biosecurity Manual contains information to help growers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of onions. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Onion Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected] for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Allium leaf miner Phytomyza gymnostoma FS
Bacterial onion blight Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii FS
Bean fly Delia florilega FS
Bulb mite (Rhizoglyphus callae) Rhizoglyphus callae
Bulb mite (Rhizoglyphus setosus) Rhizoglyphus setosus
Leaf blight Botrytis squamosa FS
Leaf spot Cladosporium allii
Lesser bulb fly Eumerus strigatus FS
Onion bulb fly Eumerus amoenus
Onion fly Delia antiqua FS
Onion rust Puccinia allii FS
Onion thrips Thrips tabaci (exotic strains/biotypes) FS
Vegetable leaf miner Liriomyza sativae 3 FS FS FS FS FS FS CP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the onion industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the onion industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
American serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza trifolii FS FS FS CP
Pea leaf miner Chromatomyia horticola FS CP
Serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza huidobrensis FS FS FS FS CP CP
Spotted stem borer Chilo partellus CP
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Tomato leaf miner (Liriomyza bryoniae) Liriomyza bryoniae FS CP CP
Tomato spotted wilt virus Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus) CP
Western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis FS