Onions

Onions Australia represents the biosecurity interests of onion producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2013–14, onion production was valued at $161 million (LVP).

The main growing areas for onion production include the Lockyer Valley, St George and Darling Downs in Queensland, Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area in NSW, Adelaide Plains, Riverland and south eastern SA, Manjimup and Pemberton in WA, Werribee and Cranbourne in Victoria and the north-western to northern midlands of Tasmania.

Sowing of onions starts in Queensland during February (short day types) and finishes in the southern states in August (long day types). Harvest starts in Queensland during September and finishes during April in the southern states.

Annual value of onion production 2007–14 (LVP)

Onions graph

Distribution of onion production by state and territory 2013–14 (based on LVP)

Onion pie chart

Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Onion Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the onion industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Onion Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of onions. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Onion Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Allium leaf miner Phytomyza gymnostoma FS
Bacterial onion blight Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii FS
Bean fly Delia florilega
Bulb mite Rhizoglyphus callae
Bulb mite Rhizoglyphus setosus
Leaf blight Botrytis squamosa FS
Leaf spot Cladosporium allii
Lesser bulb fly Eumerus strigatus FS
Onion bulb fly Eumerus amoenus
Onion fly Delia antiqua FS
Onion thrips Thrips tabaci (exotic strains/biotypes)
Rust Puccinia spp. (exotic species)
Vegetable leaf miner Liriomyza sativae 3 FS FS FS FS CP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the onion industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the onion industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
American serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza trifolii FS FS CP
Pea leaf miner Chromatomyia horticola FS CP
Serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza huidobrensis FS FS FS CP CP
Spotted stem borer Chilo partellus CP
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Tomato leaf miner (Liriomyza bryoniae) Liriomyza bryoniae FS CP CP
Tomato spotted wilt virus Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus) CP
Western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis FS