Mangoes

The Australian Mango Industry Association represents the biosecurity interests of mango producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2015–16, mango production was valued at $104 million (LVP). The average production volume over the last three years has been 65,000 tonnes.

Around 83 per cent of fruit is consumed fresh, 11 per cent is exported and the remainder processed.

In Australia, nine varieties of mango are in commercial production. The most abundant variety, Kensington Pride, accounts for over 50 per cent of Australian production. Other varieties include B74 (Calypso), Honey Gold, and R2E2, green eating varieties such as Keow Savoey and Nam Doc Mai, as well as late season varieties such as Brooks, Keitts, Palmers, Kents and Pearls. B74 and R2E2 are popular in export markets. There are other varieties produced in smaller volumes.

The industry supplies the Australian market with production occurring from August to March each year. In Australia, the majority of mangoes are grown in Queensland, followed by the NT, with smaller but significant production in regions throughout WA.

The mango industry is covered by version 2.1 of the biosecurity plan for the mango industry and the Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Mango Industry Version 1.0.

Annual value of mango production, 2007–16

Distribution of mango production by state and territory, 2015–16 (based on LVP)

Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Mango Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the mango industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Mango Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au.

Mango Biosecurity ManualOrchard Biosecurity Manual for the Mango Industry

The Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Mango Industry contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Mango PostcardPostcard

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of mangoes. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Mango Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Black twig borer Xylosandrus compactus FS
Blue-striped nettle grub Parasa lepida FS
Carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae FS FS FS FS DP
Mango gall midges Procontarinia spp. (exotic species) FS FS
Mango malformation Fusarium mangiferae 3 FS
Mango malformation Fusarium proliferatum FS
Mango malformation Fusarium sterilihyphosum FS
Mango malformation Fusarium mexicanum FS
Mango pulp weevil Sternochetus frigidus 3 FS
Mango sudden decline syndrome Ceratocystis fimbriata sensu lato, C. manginecans, C. omanensis FS
Papaya fruit fly Bactrocera papayae 2 FS FS FS FS DP
Red-banded mango caterpillar Deanolis sublimbalis 3 FS CP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the mango industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the mango industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Citrus blackfly Aleurocanthus woglumi FS
Coconut bug Amblypelta cocophaga FS
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Fijian fruit fly (Bactrocera passiflorae) Bactrocera passiflorae FS DP
Fruit fly (Bactrocera occipitalis) Bactrocera occipitalis FS DP
Mango fruit borer Citripestis eutraphera FS
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS DP
Melon fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae FS DP
New Guinea fruit fly Bactrocera trivialis FS FS DP
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS DP
Papaya mealy bug Paracoccus marginatus FS CP
Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata FS DP
Philippine fruit fly Bactrocera philippinensis 2 FS DP
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS DP