Lychees

Australian Lychee Growers Association are members of Plant Health Australia and represent the biosecurity interests of lychee growers and the industry. They are involved in:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives.

Industry overview

In 2014–15, lychee production was valued at $16 million (LVP). Current annual production ranges from 2,250 to 3,500 tonnes, depending on climatic and seasonal conditions.

Australian lychees are available to consumers on the domestic and export markets for a 6-month period from October to March. This gives Australia a significant advantage over other suppliers on world markets, as no other country can offer such a long line of supply of fresh lychee during the northern hemisphere winter.

While the majority of lychees are grown for domestic consumption, export demand is increasing. Small niche markets are also being developed by producers using Australian lychee for a range of other value added products. Australian lychees were exported to the United States during the 2016 season as part of a 3-year pilot program that is expected to fully open the market for future lychee export.

In 2016 the governments of Queensland and Taiwan signed a Memorandum of Understanding allowing the import into Australia of several hundred marcotts of six new TaiNung Taiwan lychee varieties. After a 12-month post-entry quarantine period, the plants will be trial grown on selected orchards. If successful, the new varieties will then be available to other interested lychee growers.

The lychee industry is covered by version 1.0 of the lychee biosecurity plan.

Annual value of lychee production 2009–15 (LVP)

Distribution of lychee production by state and territory 2014–15 (based on LVP)

Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Lychee Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the lychee industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Lychee Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of lychees. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Lychee Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Brown blight Peronophythora litchii
Coconut bug Pseudotheraptus wayi
Hong Kong stink bug Paradasynus longirostris
Longan and lychee witches’ broom disease Unknown (suspected phytoplasma)
Lychee fruit borer Conopomorpha sinensis
Lychee longicorn beetle Aristobia testudo
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the lychee industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the lychee industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Blue-striped nettle grub Parasa lepida FS
Citrus blackfly Aleurocanthus woglumi FS
Citrus longicorn beetle Anoplophora chinensis FS CP
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Fijian fruit fly (Bactrocera passiflorae) Bactrocera passiflorae FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar FS FS FS CP
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS