Lychees

Australian Lychee Growers Association are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2016–17, lychee production was valued at $26.7 million (LVP), with exports worth $5.6 million.

Annual production continues to range between 2,250 to 3,500 tonnes, depending on climatic and seasonal conditions.

There are many varieties of lychee grown in Queensland and NSW, although the Kwai Mai Pink lychee is the most popular and widely grown variety and is a good annual yielding variety for export and domestic markets. A number of larger producers are now choosing to incorporate and plant some of the newer Chinese varieties of Chompogo, Erdon Lee and Baitangying in their orchards.

Lychees are produced as a single annual crop with a harvest period from late October (north Queensland) to March (northern NSW). This gives the Australian lychee season one of the world’s longest production periods as well as a counter-seasonal supply to most other lychee producing countries.

Lychee exports have experienced strong growth compared with other tropical fruits, with some 18 per cent of production being exported in 2017–18. Hong Kong is officially the largest market for Australian lychees, accounting for a little over half of Australia’s exports for 2017–18. Exports to the United Arab Emirates are less than half of that to Hong Kong but this market is showing very strong growth, followed by New Zealand, Singapore, Canada and the United States.

The lychee industry is covered by version 1.0 of the lychee biosecurity plan.

Annual value of lychee production, 2009–17

Distribution of lychee production by state and territory, 2016–17 (based on LVP)

Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Lychee Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the lychee industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Lychee Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected].

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of lychees. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Lychee Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email [email protected] for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Brown blight Peronophythora litchii
Coconut bug Pseudotheraptus wayi
Hong Kong stink bug Paradasynus longirostris
Longan and lychee witches’ broom disease Unknown (suspected phytoplasma)
Lychee fruit borer Conopomorpha sinensis
Lychee longicorn beetle Aristobia testudo
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS FS DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the lychee industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the lychee industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Blue-striped nettle grub Parasa lepida FS
Citrus blackfly Aleurocanthus woglumi FS
Citrus longicorn beetle Anoplophora chinensis FS CP
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Fijian fruit fly (Bactrocera passiflorae) Bactrocera passiflorae FS DP
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar and Lymantria mathura FS FS FS CP
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS DP
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS DP