Berries

Raspberries and Blackberries Australia represent the biosecurity interests of rubus growers (including raspberries blackberries) and the industry.  They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed and are involved in:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2014–15, the rubus industry was valued at $76 million (LVP).

Raspberry, blackberry and hybrid brambles (for example, silvanberries, boysenberries, loganberries, youngberries and marionberries) are collectively referred to as rubus or cane berries. There are currently over 550 hectares of land under cultivation with rubus varieties, much of it under protected cropping (rain shelters). New plantings continue to see the industry expand in response to increasing consumer demand. Production is also developing in new areas such as north of Perth, WA.

Peak production is early summer to autumn. Year round supply is possible with production in subtropical areas such as south east Queensland and the mid-north coast of NSW where harvest occurs late autumn to spring. The increased use of protected cropping and hydroponic systems also extends the harvest season and productivity.

Most of the raspberries, blackberries and bramble berries produced in Australia are consumed locally with little to no export of fresh fruit. Berries that are exported are sent to non-protocol markets such as Singapore and Hong Kong.

The rubus industry is covered by version 1.0 of the biosecurity plan for the rubus industry. RABA signed the EPPRD agreement in June 2015 and is in the process of developing the consultation to introduce an EPPR levy (at zero) and a PHA levy to fund membership.

Annual value of rubus production 2010–15 (LVP)

 

Distribution of rubus production by state and territory 2014–15 (based on LVP)

Rubus IBPBiosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the rubus industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Rubus Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of berries. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Rubus Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Blackline (Cherry leaf roll virus) Cherry leaf roll virus (Nepovirus) (exotic strains) 3 DP
Brown-marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys FS
Consperse stink bug Euschistus conspersus
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica FS
Orange rust (long-cycled) Arthuriomyces peckianus FS
Orange rust (short-cycled) Gymnoconia nitens FS
Raspberry bud moth Heterocrossa rubophaga
Raspberry crown borers Pennisetia hylaeiformis and Pennisetia marginata FS
Raspberry ringspot virus Raspberry ringspot virus (Nepovirus) FS
Rosette Cercosporella rubi
Spotted-winged drosophila Drosophila suzukii FS FS FS FS
Strawberry latent ringspot virus Strawberry latent ringspot virus (Sadwavirus) FS
Tomato ringspot virus Tomato ringspot virus (Nepovirus) FS

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of berries. Please note that this is not a complete list of berry pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not  tailored to the berry industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Brown rot Monilinia fructigena 3 FS FS
Fire blight Erwinia amylovora 2 FS CP
Glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis FS FS FS FS FS CP CP
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar and Lymantria mathura FS FS FS CP
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS
Oblique-banded leaf roller Choristoneura rosaceana FS
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana FS
Pacific spider mite Tetranychus pacificus FS
Pierces disease Xylella fastidiosa 2 FS FS FS FS FS CP
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum 1 FS FS CP
Tarnished plant bug Lygus lineolaris FS FS FS CP
Texas root rot Phymatotrichum omnivorum 2 FS FS
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (Nepovirus) FS
Turnip moth Agrotis segetum CP
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae (exotic defoliating strains) 3 FS