Bananas

Australian Banana Growers’ Council represents the biosecurity interests of banana producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2014–15, banana production was valued at $405 million (LVP). There are currently about 13,100 hectares of bananas grown in Australia. Around 97 per cent of bananas are grown in Queensland, from Ingham to Hopevale (including the Tablelands).

Bananas are grown all year round with the two main varieties being Cavendish and Lady Finger. The Cavendish variety accounts for the vast majority of production. The Australian banana industry supplies only the domestic market.

The Australian banana industry is currently involved in two major biosecurity responses – one for banana freckle in the NT and the other for Panama disease tropical race 4 (TR4) in north Queensland. The final phase of the banana freckle response (Phase 4 – Assessment of Proof of Freedom) is scheduled to conclude in July 2019. Significant effort continues to be directed to the containment of TR4 in north Queensland. To date, the disease has only been confirmed on a single property in Tully. The affected property has been purchased by the Australian Banana Growers’ Council on behalf of banana growers and all farming has ceased. Surveillance on all commercial banana farms in north Queensland continues.

There is also a major banana bunchy top virus containment project running in northern NSW and south east Queensland. Additionally, an officer is employed to undertake inspections for the presence of yellow sigatoka in the north Queensland commercial production area.

The banana industry is covered by version 2.0 of the banana industry biosecurity plan and the Farm Biosecurity Manual for the Banana Industry Version 1.0. A review of the biosecurity plan is expected to commence in 2017.

Annual value of banana production 2007–15 (LVP)

 

Distribution of banana production by state and territory 2014–15 (based on LVP)

 

Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Banana Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the almond industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Banana Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au

Banana Biosecurity ManualFarm Biosecurity Manual for the Banana Industry

The Farm Biosecurity Manual for the Banana Industry manual contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Banana PostcardPostcard

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881. For printed copies of this material, please contact PHA.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of  high priority exotic pests of bananas. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Banana Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Abaca bunchy top virus Abaca bunchy top virus (Babuvirus)
Banana bract mosaic disease Banana bract mosaic virus (Potyvirus) 3 FS
Banana bunchy top disease Banana bunchy top virus (Babuvirus) FS
Banana freckle Phyllosticta cavendishii 3 FS
Banana skipper butterfly Erionota thrax 4 FS
Banana spider mite Tetranychus piercei 4 FS FS
Black sigatoka Mycosphaerella fijiensis 2 FS
Blood disease Blood disease bacterium 2 FS
Eumusae leaf spot Mycosphaerella eumusae FS
Moko (Bacterial wilt) Ralstonia solanacearum, race 2 2 FS

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the banana industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to the banana industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Bacterial wilt Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum FS
Bakanae Gibberella fujikuroi CP
Banana Xanthomonas wilt Xanthomonas vasicola pv. musacearum FS
Blue-striped nettle grub Parasa lepida FS
Carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae FS FS FS FS
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Fruit fly (Bactrocera occipitalis) Bactrocera occipitalis FS
Grey pineapple mealybug Dysmicoccus neobrevipes FS
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS
Panama disease, Tropical race 4 Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense 2 FS
Panicle blight Burkholderia glumae CP
Papaya fruit fly Bactrocera papayae 2 FS FS FS FS
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS
Strawberry spider mite Tetranychus turkestani FS
Yellow sigatoka Mycosphaerella musicola