Avocados

Avocados Australia represents the biosecurity interests of avocado producers and the industry. They are members of Plant Health Australia and signatories to the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed. Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives
  • participating in national committees and response efforts in an emergency.

Industry overview

In 2014–15, avocado production was valued at $188 million (LVP). The Hass variety is the predominant avocado produced in Australia, accounting for approximately 80 per cent of production, with Shepard accounting for about 15 per cent. A number of other varieties such as Reed, Wurtz, Sharwil and Fuerte make up the balance. Exports are mostly shipped to Singapore and Malaysia.

Queensland dominates Australia’s avocado production, followed by WA, NSW, SA and Victoria.

The avocado industry is covered by the avocado biosecurity plan version 2.01 and the Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Avocado Industry Version 1.0.

Annual value of avocado production 2007–15 (LVP)

Distribution of avocado production by state and territory 2014–15 (based on LVP)

 

Avocado IBPIndustry Biosecurity Plan for the Avocado Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the almond industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Avocado Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au

Avocado Biosecurity ManualOrchard Biosecurity Manual for the Avocado Industry

The Orchard Biosecurity Manual for the Avocado Industry contains information to help producers to implement biosecurity on-farm. Manuals usually contain an overview of biosecurity, fact sheets to identify the high priority pests of a crop, tips on crop management, and how to manage people, vehicles and equipment to minimise biosecurity risks. Manuals also contain a biosecurity self-assessment list, and templates to record pest surveillance records and visitors.

More information about on-farm biosecurity for both plant and livestock producers is available from the Farm Biosecurity website.

Avocado PostcardPostcard

Promotional item to support the exotic plant pest hotline 1800 084 881.

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of avocados. These pests were identified during the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Avocado Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Avocado blast Erwinia herbicola (exotic strains)
Avocado scab Sphaceloma perseae FS
Avocado seed moth Stenoma catenifer FS
Avocado sunblotch Avocado sunblotch viroid (symptomatic strains) FS
Avocado sunblotch Avocado sunblotch viroid (asymptomatic strains)
Avocado thrips Scirtothrips perseae FS DP
Bacterial canker Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (exotic races)
Bacterial canker Xanthomonas campestris (avocado strain)
Carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae FS FS FS FS
Fijian fruit fly (Bactrocera kirki) Bactrocera kirki
Fijian fruit fly (Bactrocera passiflorae) Bactrocera passiflorae FS
Fruit fly (Bactrocera kandiensis) Bactrocera kandiensis
Fruit fly (Bactrocera melanotus) Bactrocera melanotus
Large seed weevil Helipus lauri
Laurel wilt Raffaelea lauricola FS
Melon fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae FS
Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis 2 FS FS FS FS FS FS
Pacific fruit fly Bactrocera xanthodes
Papaya fruit fly Bactrocera papayae 2 FS FS FS FS
Persea mite Oligonychus perseae FS
Philippine fruit fly Bactrocera philippinensis 2 FS
Phytophthora blight Phytophthora kernoviae
Small avocado seed weevil Conotrachelus aguacatae
Small seed weevil Conotrachelus perseae
Sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum 1 FS FS CP DP
Tropical fruit fly Bactrocera facialis
Trunk canker Phytophthora mengei FS

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the avocado industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to the avocado industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Black twig borer Xylosandrus compactus FS
Citrus blackfly Aleurocanthus woglumi FS
False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta syn Cryptophlebia leucotreta 2 FS CP
Glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis FS FS FS FS FS CP
Greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum FS
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata FS
Omnivorous leaf roller Platynota stultana FS
Orange tortrix Argyrotaenia citrana FS
Papaya mealy bug Paracoccus marginatus FS CP
Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata FS
Potato spindle tuber viroid Potato spindle tuber viroid (Pospiviroidae) 3 FS
Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni FS
Xylella fastidiosa Xylella fastidiosa including X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex and pauca 2 FS FS FS FS FS CP