Australian agriculture, of which plant production industries make up over half, is an integral part the nation’s economy. Plant production industries contributed over $29.1 billion in 2014–15 to annual agricultural production.

Value of plant and animal production

* Includes forestry from 1995–96 Source: ABS 7503 data series, ABARES Agricultural Commodities: March quarter 2016


Crops are produced in every state and territory in Australia, and with the wide variety of soils, geography and climate, this has resulted in some of the most diverse production in the world. Whilst fundamentally based on broadacre production, there is increasing diversification into horticultural and forestry activities.

Value of plant industries

The comparative value of Australia’s plant production industries, based on gross value of production, 2013–14 shows the contribution of each of the main plant production industries to total plant gross production value in 2013–14 (the latest year for which this breakdown is available).


Minimising the biosecurity risks posed by insects, pathogens and diseases (collectively called pests) that are new to Australia is a key focus for governments, plant industries and PHA. This section of the website provides an overview of plant production industries in Australia (PHA industry members only), showing trends in production value, a list of high priority pests specific to each industry and current distribution of production between the states and territories.

Almonds Apples & Pears Avocados
Bananas Berries Blueberries
Canned fruit Cherries Chestnuts
Citrus Cotton Dried fruit
Ginger Grains Hazelnuts
Honey bees Lychees Macadamias
Mangoes Melons Olives
Onions Papaya Passionfruit
Pineapples Pistachios Plantation forestry
Processing tomatoes Production nurseries Rice
Strawberries Sugarcane Summerfruit
Table grapes Truffles Vegetables and potatoes
Walnuts Wine grapes