Surveillance programs

Surveillance for endemic and exotic pests

Post-border surveillance activities for exotic plant pests are carried out by governments, industries and the wider community to provide information for:

  • Early detection: surveillance designed to detect new pest incursions before they become widely established, increasing the chance of successful eradication or containment responses.
  • Market access: surveillance to demonstrate the absence (i.e. evidence of absence) of a pest from the country, state or region, to support access to international and domestic markets.
  • Delimiting surveys: delimiting surveys provide information on the distribution and spread of pests for use in response management activities or to confirm the successful eradication of the pest.
  • Improved pest management: management of established pests requires regular inspections to determine population levels to improve management decisions.
  • Identification of high risk pathways and high risk areas: to focus future surveillance efforts.

Australia uses a mix of targeted and general surveillance programs. General surveillance programs raise awareness about specific pests with growers and the wider community, and rely on these stakeholders to look for and report the pests during their day-to-day activities. To ensure that all detections of new pests through general surveillance are reported, all states and territories run the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline (1800 084 881). Calls to the hotline are directed to the relevant state or territory agriculture department.

Most post-border targeted surveillance is undertaken by state and territory governments. Several national programs are also supported by the Australian Government, and some industries undertake targeted surveillance for pests of concern.

Targeted surveillance programs

During 2016, Australian governments carried out 139 surveillance programs, detailed in the table below from the National Plant Biosecurity Status Report 2016. The pie charts show surveillance by target host and target pest type.

Surveillance programs by target host

Surveillance programs by target pest type

Surveillance program name
Target hosts
Target pests

Australian Government

National Australia Quarantine Survey pest and disease surveys Multiple surveillance programs of tropical horticultural and agricultural species 157 high priority exotic pests
Northern Australia Quarantine Survey exotic fruit fly trapping Horticulture Exotic fruit flies (Bactrocera spp.)

New South Wales

Aphids Field crops, horticulture Multiple species
Asian gypsy moth Various tree hosts around ports Asian gypsy moth, Lymantria spp.
Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum Solanaceae Zebra chip, Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum
Central Coast Citrus Citrus Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri), Huanglongbing (Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus) citrus canker, citrus red mite (Panonychus citri)
Diseases of Cotton Cotton Exotic strains of bacterial blight (Xanthomonas campestris), cotton blue disease (Luteovirus), cotton leaf curl virus (Begomovirus), Texas root rot (Phymatotrichum omnivorum), exotic strains of Verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae), exotic strains of Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum)
Exotic fruit flies – Ports Various production and ornamental plants Multiple – Bactrocera cucurbitae, B. tau, B. carambolae, B. dorsalis, B. albistrigata, B. umbrosa, B. trivialis, B. facialis, B. kirki, B. melanotus, B. passiflorae*, B. xanthodes, B. psidii, B. zonata, Ceratitis capitata
Exotic fruit flies – Riverina Various horticultural (citrus, stone fruit) Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), papaya fruit fly (Bactrocera papayae*), various cue lure attracted exotic fruit flies
Exotic Longhorn Beetle Trapping Various hosts around ports Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), Japanese pine sawyer beetle (Monochamus alternatus), brown mulberry longhorn beetle (Apriona germari)
Forestry Corporation of NSW Forest Health Surveillance General forests Various exotic and endemic high priority pests
Forestry High Risk Surveillance Program Pine forests Various exotic and endemic high priority pests of Pinus species
Grains Farm Biosecurity Surveillance Program Wheat, barley, canola, lupin Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia), barley stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei), Karnal bunt (Tilletia indica), khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium), cabbage seedpod weevil (Ceutorhynchus obstrictus), Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor), lupin anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides)
Hazelnut mite Hazelnuts Hazelnut mite, Tetranycopsis horridus
Lupin anthracnose Lupins Lupin anthracnose, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
National Bee Pest Surveillance Program European honey bees Asian honey bee (Apis mellifera), giant honey bee (A. dorsata), red dwarf honey bee (A. florea), tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi), Tropilaelaps mites (Tropilaelaps mercedesae, T. clareae), Varroa mites (Varroa destructor, V. jacobsoni)
Onion seed crop surveillance Onions Varies but may include Burkholderia gladioli pv. alliicola, Erwinia chrysanthemi, Alternaria porri, Pyrenochaeta trestris, Urocystis cepulae, Ceratitis spp. Helix aspersa, Liriomyza trifolii, Naupactus leucoloma, Aphelenchoides fragariae, Ditylenchus destructor, D. dipsaci, Longidorus, Meloidogyne goeldi, Paratrichodorus, Pratylenchus filipjev
Phylloxera surveillance Grapevines Grapevine phylloxera, Daktulosphaira vitifoliae
Pine nematode Multiple pine species Pine nematode, Bursaphelenchus vallesianus
Russian wheat aphid Wheat, barley Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia
Tramp ants Urban plants, horticulture Tramp ants, Solenopsis spp.

Northern Territory

Area Freedom Surveillance Program Horticulture Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni)
Bulk handlers Stored grains Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium), Karnal bunt (Tilletia indica)
Endemic and exotic cotton virus surveys Cotton Cotton bunchy top virus, cotton leafroll dwarf virus (Polerovirus), cotton leaf curl virus (Begomovirus) and all other exotic viruses
Endemic and exotic diseases of cotton Cotton Exotic strains of bacterial blight (Xanthomonas campestris), blue disease (suspected Luteovirus), cotton leaf curl virus (Begomovirus), Texas root rot (Phymatotrichum omnivorum), exotic strains of Verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae), exotic strains Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum). Endemic cotton diseases, including Fusarium spp. and Verticillium spp.
Endemic and exotic grains virus surveys Grains Various viruses, especially aphid transmitted Polerovirus complex
Major Industry Monitoring and Surveillance Mango Mango malformation (Fusarium mangiferae), mango pulp weevil (Sternochetus frigidus), mango seed weevil (Sternochetus mangiferae), mango gall midges (Procontarinia spp.) and red banded mango caterpillar (Deanolis sublimbalis)
Monochamus Surveillance Program Pinus spp. Japanese pine sawyer beetle (Monochamus alternatus)
National Bee Pest Surveillance Program Asian honey bee (Apis cerana)
National Phosphine Resistance Monitoring Program Grains Lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica), rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae), rust-red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum), rusty grain beetle (Cryptolestes ferrugineus), sawtoothed grain beetle (Oryzaephilus surinamensis)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Solanaceae Bactericera cockerelli, Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Multiple Glassy winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca vitripennis)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Multiple Pierce’s disease (Xylella fastidiosa)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Citrus Citrus canker (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri), citrus Huanglongbing (Candidatus Liberibacter spp.) and Asiatic citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Musa spp. Banana black sigatoka (Mycosphaerella fijiensis)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Solanaceae Potato leafminer, pea leafminer, serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza huidobrensis)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Solanaceae, Asteraceae American leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Solanaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae Vegetable leafminer (Liriomyza sativae)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Multiple Giant African snail (Achatina fulica)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Myrtaceae spp., Callistemon spp., Melaleuca spp., Eucalyptus spp. Guava, eucalyptus or myrtle rust (Puccinia psidii)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Nursery stock Red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta), electric ant (Wasmannia auropunctata), yellow crazy ant (Anoplolepis gracilipes)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program/ National Banana Freckle Eradication Program Musa spp. Banana freckle (Phyllostica cavendishii)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program/ National Browsing Ant Eradication Program Nursery stock Browsing ant (Lepisiota frauenfeldi)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program/ Port of Entry Program Horticulture Exotic fruit flies (Bactrocera spp. and Ceratitis spp.)
Plant Pest Diagnostic Service (broadacre cropping) Broadacre field crops All pathogens that can affect broadacre crops (cotton, grains, pastures)
Regional Fruit Fly Monitoring and Surveillance Horticulture Exotic fruit flies (Bactrocera spp. and Ceratitis spp.)
Silverleaf whitefly resistance monitoring Cotton Silverleaf whitefly (Bemisia tabaci B-type)
Sucking pest management in cotton Cotton Solenopsis mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis)
Sugar industry surveys, seed cane inspections, variety trials and general pest surveys Sugarcane Ratoon stunting disease (Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli), leaf scald (Xanthomonas albilineans), sugarcane mosaic virus (Potyvirus), Fiji leaf gall (Fiji disease virus (Fijivirus)), sugarcane smut (Sporisorium scitamineum), sugarcane rust (Puccinia melanocephala, P. kuehnii), yellow spot (Mycovellosiella koepkei), exotic pests and diseases
West Indian drywood termite surveys Timber structures West Indian drywood termite (Cryptotermes brevis)

South Australia

European house borer Pinus spp. European house borer (Hylotrupes bajulus pv. Linnaeus)
Giant pine scale Pinaceae Giant pine scale (Marchalina hellenica)
Mediterranean fruit fly Horticultural crops Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitus capitata)
Myrtle rust Myrtaceae Myrtle rust (Puccinia psidii)
National Bee Pest Surveillance Program European honey bees in managed hives, catchboxes Asian honey bee (Apis cerana), giant honey bee (A. dorsata), red dwarf honey bee (A. florea), bumblebees (Bombus spp.), Varroa mites (Varroa destructor and V. jacobsoni), Tropilaelaps mites (Tropilaelaps clareae and T. mercedesae) and tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Rutaceae Huanglongbing (Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus), citrus canker (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri), citrus variegated chlorosis (Xylella fastidiosa)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Rutaceae Glassy winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca vitripennis), African citrus psyllid (Trioza erytreae), Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Vitus vinifera Pierce’s disease (Xylella fastidiosa), glassy winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca vitripennis)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Sampling Red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta), tropical fire ant (Solenopsis geminata), electric ant (Wasmannia auropunctata), African big-headed ant (Pheidole megacephala), yellow crazy ant (Anoplolepis gracilipes), Argentine ant (Linepithema humile), browsing ant (Lepisiota frauenfeldi), khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium)
Onion smut Allium spp. Onion smut (Urocystis cepulae)
Ports of Entry Trapping Program Eucalyptus spp., ornamental trees Exotic gypsy moths (Lymantria spp.)
Ports of Entry Trapping Program Fruit fly host Fruit flies (Bactrocera spp. and Ceratitis spp.)
Potato spindle tuber viroid Solanaceae Potato spindle tuber viroid
Queensland fruit fly Horticultural crops Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni)
Tomato yellow curl leaf virus Solanaceae Tomato yellow curl leaf virus

Tasmania

Bee Surveillance – American Foulbrood European honey bees American foulbrood (Paenibacillus spp.)
Blueberry Rust Surveillance Commercial blueberry crops Blueberry rust (Thekopsora minima)
Codling Moth Trapping Surveillance Apples, cherries Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)
Fruit Fly Trapping Surveillance Fruit trees, fruit and vegetables Bactrocera tryoni, Ceratitis capitata, Bactrocera dorsalis and other exotic fruit flies
Hazelnut Mite Surveillance Hazelnut plantations Hazelnut mite (Tetranychus horridus)
Multiple Pest Surveillance Program – Allium Pest Surveillance Mature onion bulbs (commercial) and garlic plants Delia antiqua, Eumerus amoenus, E. strigatus, Rhizoglyphus callae, R. setosus, Botrytis squamosa, Puccinia spp.
Multiple Pest Surveillance Program – Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Surveillance Imported consignments at high risk points of entry Brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys)
Multiple Pest Surveillance Program – Glassy Winged Sharpshooter Surveillance Grapevines Glassy winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca vitripennis)
Multiple Pest Surveillance Program – Gypsy Moth Trapping Surveillance Multiple, including forest and amenity trees Gypsy moth (including Lymantria dispar asiatica, L. dispar dispar and L. dispar japonica), moths including (L. umbrosa, L. albescens, L. postalba, L. xylina, L. monacha, L. pulverea, L. minomonis, L. concolor, L. dissoluta, L. sinica, L. marginata, L. atameles and L. fumida)
Multiple Pest Surveillance Program – Pierce’s Disease Surveillance Grapevines Pierce’s disease (Xylella fastidiosa)
Myrtle Rust Surveillance Lophomyrtus and other susceptible Myrtaceae nursery plant hosts, targeted native forest, Myrtaceae tree species Myrtle rust, eucalyptus rust (Puccinia psidii sensu lato (exotic variants))
National Bee Pest Surveillance Program European honey bees Asian honey bee (Apis cerana), giant honey bee (Apis dorsata), red dwarf honey bee (Apis florea), Varroa mites (Varroa destructor and V. jacobsoni), Tropilaelaps mites (Tropilaelaps clareae and T. mercedesae), tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi), small hive beetle (Aethina tumida)
Russian Wheat Aphid Surveillance Wheat and barley crops Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia)
Silverleaf White Fly Surveillance Nursery stock Silver leaf white fly (Bemisia tabaci)
Warehouse and Khapra Beetle Trapping Surveillance Stored grains, grain processors and animal feed outlets Warehouse beetle (Trogoderma variable), khapra beetle (T. granarium)
Western Flower Thrips Surveillance Crops and weeds surrounding commercial strawberry tunnels Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis)

Victoria

National Bee Pest Surveillance Program European honey bees Asian honey bee (Apis cerana), red dwarf honey bee (A. florea), giant honey bee (A. dorsata) and Varroa mite (Varroa destructor)
National Plant Health Surveillance Project Fruit and vegetable crops Fruit flies (Bactrocera spp.)
National Plant Health Surveillance Project Grapes Pierces’s disease (Xylella fastidiosa), glassy winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca vitripennis)
National Plant Health Surveillance Project Citrus Citrus canker (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri), African citrus psyllid (Trioza erytreae), Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri) and Huanglongbing (Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus)
National Plant Health Surveillance Project Plants and weed hosts around Melbourne ports Japanese sawyer beetle (Monocamus alternatus), wood wasp (Urocerus fantoma), black spruce longhorn beetle (Tetropium castaneum), brown spruce longhorn beetle (Tetropium fuscum), Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) and other Lymantria spp., pine wilt nematode (Bursaphelenchus spp.)
National Plant Health Surveillance Project Plants and weed hosts around Victorian ports Exotic fruit flies, various Bactrocera and Ceratitis spp.
Nationally cost shared eradication program Pinus spp. Giant pine scale (Marchelina hellenica)
Nationally cost shared eradication program Chestnut and oak trees Chestnut blight (Cryphonectria parasitica)
Victorian funded containment program Pasture and fruit trees Giant green snail (Cantareus apertus)

Western Australia

Agrisearch Grain crops Grain pests
AgWest grain testing laboratory Grain crops Grain pests
Asian Longhorn Beetle Response Maple (Acer), horse chestnut (Aesculus), birch (Betula), plane tree (Platanus), poplar (Populus), willow (Salix), elm (Ulmus) Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis)
Biosecurity Blitz General surveillance, all hosts All plant pests
Browsing ant surveillance Environmental, urban areas Browsing ant (Lepisiota frauenfeldi)
Codling Moth Surveillance Pome fruit Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)
Crop Variety Trials Grain crops Grain pests
Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus Cucurbits and host weeds Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus
European wasp surveillance Urban areas and horticultural crops European wasp (Vespula germanica)
Grain insect diagnostics Grain crops Grain pests
Grain insect ecology studies Grain crops Grain pests
Grains agronomy Grain crops Grain pests
Grains cereal physiology Grain crops Grain pests
Grains crop protection – PestFax Grain crops Grain pests
Grains legume genetic Grain crops Grain pests
Grains soils management Grain crops Grain pests
Kalyx agriculture Grain crops Grain pests
Khapra beetle surveillance Stored grain products Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium)
Medfly Area Freedom Many horticultural hosts Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata)
Multiple Pest Surveillance Pome, citrus Fire blight (Erwinia amylovora), Huanglongbing (Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus), citrus canker (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri), citrus longicorn beetle (Anoplophora chinensis), red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta), Pierce’s disease (Xylella fastidiosa), glassy winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca vitripennis)
MyCrop e-surveillance Broadacre crops, general surveillance All plant pests
MyPestGuide e-surveillance All hosts, general surveillance All plant pests
National Bee Pest Surveillance Program European honey bees Asian honey bee (Apis mellifera), giant honey bee (A. dorsata), red dwarf honey bee (A. florea), tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi), Tropilaelaps mites (Tropilaelaps mercedesae, T. clareae), Varroa mites (Varroa destructor, V. jacobsoni)
National grain insect resistance monitoring Grain crops Grain pests
National Variety Trials Grain crops Grain pests
Pantry Blitz Stored grain products Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium)
PestFax e-surveillance Broadacre crops, general surveillance All plant pests
Port of Entry Asian Gypsy Moth Trapping More than 600 forest, orchard, ornamental and native species Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar)
Port of Entry Fruit Fly Trapping Many horticultural hosts Various Bactrocera and Ceratitis spp.
Qfly Surveillance Many horticultural hosts Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni)
Sentinel Stored Products Merchants Stored grain products Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium)

Queensland

Banana pest surveillance Banana Banana bract mosaic disease (Banana bract mosaic virus (Potyvirus), banana bunchy top virus (Babuvirus), banana skipper butterfly (Erionota thrax), banana stem weevil (Odoiporus longicollis), black sigatoka (Mycosphaerella fijiensis), eumusae leaf spot (Mycosphaerella eumusae), leaf speckle (Mycosphaerella musae), leaf spot (Mycosphaerella musicola), moko (Ralstonia solanacearum), Panama disease (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense), Periconiella musae, Veronaea musae
Bulk Handlers Stored grains Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium), Karnal bunt (Tilletia indica)
Cape York Peninsula surveys Multiple A range of pests
Endemic and exotic cotton virus surveys Cotton Cotton bunchy top virus, cotton leafroll dwarf virus (Polerovirus), cotton leaf curl virus (Begomovirus) and all other exotic viruses
Endemic and exotic diseases of cotton Cotton  Exotic strains of bacterial blight (Xanthomonas campestris), blue disease (Luteovirus[suspected]), cotton leaf curl virus (Begomovirus), Texas root rot (Phymatotrichum omnivorum), exotic strains Verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae), exotic strains Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum). Endemic cotton diseases, including Fusarium spp. and Verticillium spp.
Endemic and exotic Grains virus surveys Grains Various viruses, especially aphid transmitted Polerovirus complex
Exotic Fruit Fly in the Torres Strait Program Multiple Bactrocera and Zeugodacus spp.
Grains Farm Biosecurity Program Summer grain crops Striga spp. (esp asiatica– red witchweed), sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi); downy mildew of millet (Sclerospora graminicola); sorghum mosaic virus, Orobanche spp; phoma blight (Phoma spp.), stem nematode (Ditylenchus dipsaci), sunflower downy mildew (Plasmopara halstedii)
Grains Farm Biosecurity Program Winter grain crops Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia), barley stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei), khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium), Karnal bunt (Tilletia indica).
Grow Help Australia diagnostic service project Fruit, vegetable and ornamental All pests and pathogens that can affect horticultural crops, national parks, gardens, hobby growers and home gardeners. Commonly encountered pathogens include Phytophthora spp., Fusarium spp., Colletotrichum spp., Alternaria spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Pythium spp., Ralstonia spp., Erwinia spp. and viruses
Hazard site surveys Multiple Various pests
Incident response surveys Multiple A number of targeted surveys are conducted each year in response to plant pest incidents managed under the national Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed.
Monochamus Surveillance Program Pinus spp. Japanese pine sawyer beetle (Monochamus alternatus)
National Bee Pest Surveillance Program NA Exotic bee pests including Asian honey bee (Apis cerana), giant honey bee (Apis dorsata), red dwarf honey bee (Apis florea), bumblebees (Bombus spp),
National Bee Pest Surveillance Program European honey bee and exotic species if detected Varroa mites (Varroa destructor and V. jacobsoni)
National Bee Pest Surveillance Program European honey bee and exotic species if detected Tropilaelaps mites (Tropilaelaps clareae and T. mercedesae)
National Bee Pest Surveillance Program European honey bee and exotic species if detected Tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi)
National Electric Ant Eradication Program Amenity and environment Electric ant (Wasmannia auropunctata)
National Phosphine Resistance Monitoring program Grains Lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica), rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae), rust-red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum), rusty grain beetle (Cryptolestes ferrugineus), sawtoothed grain beetle (Oryzaephilus surinamensis)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Fruit and vegetables Exotic fruit flies (Bactrocera spp., Zeugodacus sp. and Ceratitis spp.)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Multiple Gypsy moths (Lymantria spp.)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Plantation and native forest species, sugarcane, citrus, lychee, guava and tropical and subtropical fruit A range of exotic timber and forest pests, including sugarcane longhorn beetle (Dorysthenes buqueti), Asian and citrus longhorn beetle (Anoplophora spp.), lychee longicorn beetle (Aristobia testudo), lateral-banded mango longhorn beetle (Batocera rubus), sawyer beetles (Monochamus spp.), drywood longicorn beetle (Stromatium barbatum), ambrosia beetles, bark beetles (Ips spp.), pine beetles bark beetles (Dendroctonus spp.), wood wasps, siricid wasps (Uroceris gigas)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Multiple Pierce’s disease (Xylella fastidiosa)
National Plant Health Surveillance Program Multiple Glassy-winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca vitripennis)
National Red Imported Fire Ant Eradication Program Amenity and environment Red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta)
Plant Pest Diagnostic Service (broadacre cropping) Broadacre field crops All pathogens that can affect broadacre crops (cotton, grains, pastures)
Silverleaf whitefly resistance monitoring Cotton Silverleaf whitefly (Bemisia tabaci B-type)
Sucking pest management in cotton Cotton Solenopsis mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis)
Sugar industry surveys, seed cane inspections, variety trials and general pest surveys Sugarcane Ratoon stunting disease (Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli), leaf scald (Xanthomonas albilineans), sugarcane mosaic virus (Potyvirus), Fiji leaf gall (Fiji disease virus (Fijivirus)), sugarcane smut (Sporisorium scitamineum), sugarcane rust (Puccinia melanocephala, P. kuehnii), yellow spot (Mycovellosiella koepkei), exotic pests and diseases

*This species has been synonymised with Bactrocera dorsalis