Citrus tristeza closterovirus

Mandarin stem-pitting

Photo by Florida Division of Plant Industry Archive, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org

  • Found in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia
  • Infects all citrus, with severe effects on Asian mandarin cultivars
  • Severely affected trees may be stunted with a bushy appearance
  • Elongated pits are evident in the wood
  • Severe stem pitting has gum associated with fine pits
  • Spread by infected plant material or by aphids, especially the brown citrus aphid (Toxoptera citricida)

High priority pest of: Citrus

Scientific name: Citrus tristeza virus (Closterovirus) (mandarin stem-pitting strain)
EPPRD Category:
Life Form: Virus

Pest Documents

FS: fact sheet

CP: contingency plan

DP: diagnostic protocol