Truffles

truffles-industry

The Australian Truffle Growers Association represents the biosecurity interests of truffle producers and the industry.

Their responsibilities include:

  • biosecurity planning and implementation at the national and farm levels
  • liaising with federal and state governments on trade issues
  • funding and supporting biosecurity initiatives.

Industry overview

In 2014–15, truffle production was valued at $12 million (LVP). There are some 250 owners of truffle orchards, or truffières, around the country, of which around half have harvested truffles. The Australian Truffle Growers’ Association has 120 members across the truffle growing states.

Since the first truffle was harvested in 1999, Australia now ranks number four in the world for the production of the Périgord black truffle (Tuber melanosporum). The major production area for Australian truffles is the Manjimup region of WA that accounts for around three quarters of the harvest, but there is also some production in Tasmania, ACT, NSW and Victoria.

The majority of the harvest is exported to 30 different countries, but mainly to Europe, the United States and Asia. Australian T. melanosporum are recognised for their excellent quality and are highly sought after in the northern hemisphere since our production occurs out of season.

There are another four species of black truffle with limited production in Australia; namely T. brumale, T. aestivum, T. uncinatum and T. indicum although it is believed that T. indicum, an undesirable species accidentally introduced, has been eliminated. More recently several white truffle species have been found including T. maculatum, T. puberulum, T. dryophilum and T. borchii.

The first edition of the biosecurity plan for the truffle industry was published in 2016.

Annual value of truffle production 2012–15 (LVP)

 

Distribution of truffle production by state and territory 2014–15 (based on LVP)

truffle-ibp-cover

Biosecurity Plan for the Truffle Industry

Biosecurity planning provides a mechanism for the almond industry, government and other relevant stakeholders to assess current biosecurity practices and future biosecurity needs. Planning identifies procedures that can be put in place to reduce the chance of pests reaching our borders or minimise the impact if a pest incursion occurs.

The Biosecurity Plan for the Truffle Industry outlines key threats to the industry, risk mitigation plans, identification and categorisation of exotic pests and contingency plans. For a copy, please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au

Exotic pests (not in Australia)

The following is a list of high priority exotic pests of truffles. These pests were identified during the development of the Biosecurity Plan for the Truffle Industry in consultation with industry, government and scientists. They have been assessed as high priority pests based on their potential to enter, establish, and spread in Australia (eg environmental factors, host range, vectors) and the cost to industry of control measures.

PHA has a range of fact sheets, contingency plans and diagnostic protocols relevant to these pests. Pest risk review documents are also available for some pests. Please contact PHA on 02 6215 7700 or email admin@phau.com.au for more information.

Endorsed National Diagnostic Protocols are available from the National Plant Biosecurity Diagnostic Network webpage.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Bacterial canker Pseudomonas avellanae syn Pseudomonas syringae pv. avellanae
Brown-marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys FS
Eastern filbert blight Anisogramma anomala FS
Hazelnut rust Pucciniastrum coryli
Nun moth Lymantria monacha FS
Sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum 1 FS FS CP DP

Other pests

The following is a list of documents for other exotic and endemic pests of the truffle industry. Please note that this is not a complete list of pests: rather it includes pests for which documents exist in the Pest Information Document Database.

Some of the documents presented here are not tailored to the truffle industry and are included for information only.

Common name Scientific name EPPRD Category Fact sheet Contingency plan Diagnostic protocol
Brown rot Monilinia fructigena 3 FS FS
Chestnut blight Cryphonectria parasitica 2 FS
European canker Neonectria ditissima FS
Green stink bug Chinavia hilaris (syn. Acrosternum hilare, Pentatoma hilaris, Chinavia hilare, Nezara hilaris) FS
Gypsy moths Lymantria dispar and Lymantria mathura FS FS FS CP
Oblique-banded leaf roller Choristoneura rosaceana FS
Phytophthora blight Phytophthora kernoviae